Largest number of blind persons
According to World Health Organization, there are 39 million people across the globe blind among the 285 million persons who are visually impaired.
VISION 2020 is the global initiative for the elimination of avoidable blindness, a joint programme of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness (IAPB) with an international membership of NGOs, professional associations, eye care institutions and corporations. It has sought the cooperation of everyone to work for ’prevention all avoidable blindness’. A survey by the National Programme to Control Blindness (NPCB) covering 40,000 people all over the country, including 3,200 in Karnataka, has pointed out that 13.7 per cent of the population in the State suffers from blindness as against the national average of 8.5 per cent.
The national blindness control programme is striving hard through various programmes. Apart from the large numbers, what worries is the fact that the persons with vision disabilities face negative attitudes and discrimination in our society. Social interaction, education, marriage and getting employment will be difficult, even more so for women. Children with vision disabilities are neglected or may be over-protected.
Community negative attitude may create problems leading to social and economic dependency, lack of mobility, lack of information and lack of family environment. Though Persons with Disability Act of India 1995 makes certain provisions for blind persons, these are not reaching especially those living in rural areas.
At present approximately only 35,000 corneas are collected in the country every year, whereas 150,000 are required annually to combat corneal blindness.
Thus there is a great need to contribute in the line of eye donations, eye care, and early identification of blindness, early intervention, primary care, secondary care and treatment to prevent the possible permanent blindness along with strategies for mainstreaming the visually challenged.
Therefore, the project vision has decided to develop this long-term plan to reduce blindness, to promote eye care awareness, to prevent possible blindness and to provide justice to children, women with visual impairment and deaf and blind persons in line with the global and national programs.
Our target population is the visually challenged anywhere and everywhere. Our special target would be to assist the visually challenged who are from the marginalized sections, either economically or socially. Our geographical focus for eye donation movement will be Bangalore city and Karnataka State, which will be expanded as required and feasible as a global movement, since blindness is a global phenomenon and eye donation is a global strategy. Efforts will be made also to prevent corneal blindness.
Our general eye care, treatment and rehabilitation program initially will be catering to the rural areas beyond Bangalore city, five districts comprising Bangalore Rural, Chikkaballapur, Kolar, Tumkur districts of Karnataka and Ananthapur district of Andhra Pradesh, which is a compact geographical area with over 10.5 million population. The Centre will be based at Gowribiddanur, 100 kilometres from Bangalore city, a central location for this area with good accessibility, administratively under Tumkur District.
TPV will ensure that we make strategic programmes benefit all, in particular the children with vision problems, youth with vision disabilities, women with visual impairment without distinction of any age, sex, disability, culture, race, ethnicity, origin, migratory status, religion, economic or other status.
Eye Donation and Transplant To make eye donation as a country wide movement, Bangalore as capital city of eye donation and generate wide spread awareness regarding the need for eye donation globally.To establish new eye banks, strengthen eye banking systems, eye donation facilities and infrastructure
Affordable Eye Care To initiate a primary and secondary eye care hospital for the rural population. School children eye screening camps and campaigns. Awareness campaign on early childhood development of visual disabilities. Mass cataract operation camps and campaigns. Inclusive Education
Support for inclusive Primary education for the children with visual impairment.Promote Sarvashiksha Abhyaan (SSA). Financial Support for secondary and higher education for the student with visual impairments.Establishment of a special school for the visually impaired children.Starting up/promoting of RCI study center (Foundation course, Diploma and special B. Ed on Visual Impairment.
Livelihood Programmes Establishment of multiple skill training centers for the blind. Creation of craft skill unit for women with blindness. Promotion of financial services (Micro Credit Schemes) for the blind.
Social Empowerment Support on social protection and counselling. Starting up inclusive self-help groups. Undertake activities towards encouragement of art, science, sports and culture for persons with visual disabilities. Promote marriage and family life for persons with visual difficulties. To provide care for the destitute visually challenged persons.
Aids and Appliances Workshops and campaigns for providing assistive devices for persons with vision difficulties. To make spectacles/assistive devices affordable and available for the community specially the lower socio economic segments of the population.
Advocacy Works To take up advocacy work with the various groups and government. To print and publish materials.
Organising Events We undertake certain specific and significant events every year to focus attention on the issue of visual impairment The major events will be Louis Braille day, women’s day, world sight day, events for eye donation fortnight, literacy day, children’s day, parents day, white cane day, world disabled day, poverty, health and environmental day.
In order to achieve the above objectives and targets, a fully-fledged empowerment resource Centre will be established in Gowribiddanur. The Centre will be equipped with well-trained human resource, equipment’s as well as affiliations from government at all levels. The main aim of the Centre is to provide eye care services, primary and secondary care, promote the empowerment of visually impaired persons and families in health, education and socio economic self-sufficiency in their lives. The Centre will have the following infrastructural facilities in the two separate plots of four and six acres each:
Plot one (four acres): Treatment, Training, Manufacturing and Management blocks
During the first year of 2020 vision implementation, a personnel, child, rehabilitation, training, eye care, eye donation, hospital, education, financial management, policies will be developed to provide a guideline about Organization policies and procedures for employees, volunteers, TPV visionaries, advisers, consultants, experts, persons with vision disabilities, families and community at large. The purpose of these policies and guidelines is to assist all the personnel involved in TPV activities to become familiar with some of the most important privileges and obligations of employment with the project vision. In general the policies will be framed to benefit the persons with visual impairment. Maximum opportunities will be provided to them both in the management as well as staff positions.
In order to raise the resources to achieve and sustain the vision 2020 a fund raising strategy has been developed. The strategy will include communication elements and sources of funds. Cost analysis with percentage breakup will be prepared to accomplish the strategic program. Starting from individual donors; CSR, institutional funding, foundations, government and philanthropists will be listed.
A fund raising unit will be established with trained personnel and necessary equipment’s. The team will prepare year-wise fund raising strategy with the breakup of funds required. Communication materials such as leaflets, branding documents, profiles, online gate ways will be also prepared as part of the fund raising strategy. As a result, by the end of 2020 effective communication tools and second year fund raising strategy will be in place.
The project vision website will have all the information about our activities, policies and financial matters. Social media campaign on eye donation will be launched using different social media. Different events for creating awareness and to raise the resource will be published on the web and all types of social media.
A team of monitoring and evaluation experts will monitor and evaluate the progress of TPV activities on a periodical basis. Plan versus achievement will be the key aspect for quarterly, half yearly and annual evaluation. Participatory methods like group discussion, expert consultation, mapping of progress, performance assessment will be used to ensure tracking of the Vision 2020. End of every year external evaluation will be conducted.
Following are some of the key indicators will be kept in mind to assess the progress of vision
Following are some of the key indicators will be kept in mind to assess the progress of vision 2020:
|1||Percentage of increase of eye donation|
|2||Number of eye donation camps and campaign conducted.|
|3||Number of beneficiaries successfully undergone cornea grafting.|
|4||Number of visually impaired persons received assistive devices.|
|5||Number of eye banks strengthened their capacity|
|6||Number of hospitals improved with eye care facilities and resources.|
|7||Percentage of visually impaired women and girls received health care support.|
|8||Number of people with vision difficulties surveyed around in the four districts.|
|9||Percentage of possible and corrective blindness prevented.|
|10||Number of adult visually impaired persons received socio economic support.|
|11||Number of persons trained to work in the field of promoting empowerment of visually impaired persons.|
The Project will have written finance policy consist of reporting requirements and schedule for reports, donation receipts for cash, banking instruments or in kind donations, composition of Financial Committee, maintaining financial records, Operation of Bank Accounts, Signatories to Bank Account, segregation of finance duties for internal control, expense authorization, budget, creation of special purpose and dedicated funds, internal and statutory audits and legal compliance.
A financial policy is being developed with the help of experts and copy of the policy will be disseminated to all the stakeholders. The policy will include a section on social audit and social balance sheet. This will be published along with the audit report at the end of every financial year. The Project Vision will adhere to all statutory requirements of the Government as well asthe policies of the donor agencies.
Sustainability is a fundamental question that we need to address in long-term plans. The answer is very difficult; we need commitment, dedicated team, value based systems, right visualization of the vision, mission and future action of the strategy, awareness about the consequences, belief, professional skills and knowledge, open to accept challenges, so on so forth. We have a team of founder members, staff, advisers and volunteers who possesses all these qualities.
People are at the Centre of inclusive and sustainable development. In this regard, we need to strive for a world that is just, equitable and inclusive, and committed to work together to promote eye care, promote volunteers for eye donation, eye care promotion, support for rehabilitation of persons with visual impairment is even challenging task.
Our core sustainable strategy is to ensure local contributions, effective use of CSR policy, mobilizing the government’s resources, promote the concept of volunteerism, initiate SHGs and DPOs of persons with visual impairment and networking with other NGOs and campaigns/movements in the country.
TPV has developed a structure to meet the legal as well as administrative requirements with a focus on it becoming easily manageable and flexible.